鎺ㄥ箍 鐑悳锛?/strong> 鑲ユ枡  灏跨礌  鍖栬偉  纭吀閽?/a>  鏍囧噯  纾疯偉  姘存憾鑲?/a>  琛屼笟  琛屼笟鏍囧噯  姘存憾鑲ユ枡 

GB/T 19378-2003 鍐滆嵂鍓傚瀷鍚嶇О鍙婁唬鐮?鍥藉鏍囧噯

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1 鏍囧噯淇鐩殑

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鍓傚瀷鏍囧噯鏄埗瀹氬啘鑽骇鍝佹爣鍑嗘妧鏈鑼冪殑渚濇嵁锛屾槸鍐滆嵂棰嗗煙鍩虹鎬ф爣鍑嗐€傚湪鍐滆嵂鐧昏銆佺敓浜с€侀攢鍞€佽串杩愬拰浣跨敤鐨勭敓鍛藉懆鏈熶腑璧峰埌閲嶈浣滅敤锛屾槸鍐滆嵂鍒嗙被銆佺粺璁″拰搴旂敤瀛︾涓笉鍙己灏戠殑鍏冪礌銆?/p>

鍦?003骞寸増鍥藉鏍囧噯銆婂啘鑽墏鍨嬪悕绉板強浠g爜銆?GB/T19378—2003)涓埗瀹氫簡120绉嶅啘鑽墏鍨嬪悕绉板拰浠g爜锛屾兜鐩栧綋鏃跺啘鐢ㄥ拰鍗敓鐢ㄥ啘鑽骇鍝佸墏鍨嬨€?008骞达紝鍦ㄥ啘涓氳涓氭爣鍑嗐€婂啘鑽櫥璁扮鐞嗘湳璇€?NY/T 1667—2008)(浠ヤ笅绠€绉板啘琛屾爣)涓璁?4绉嶅墏鍨嬨€傝嚦姝わ紝鎴戝浗鍏卞埗瀹氫簡134绉嶅啘鑽墏鍨嬪悕绉板拰浠g爜銆?/p>

姝ゆ鏍囧噯淇鐨勯瑕佺洰鐨勬槸闅忕潃绉戝鍙戝睍涓庢妧鏈繘姝ワ紝鐢熶骇銆佸競鍦哄拰鐜繚鐨勯渶姹傦紝鍐滆嵂鏇存柊鍜屽鍐滆嵂鍓傚瀷鐨勮璇嗘按骞冲強鍔犲伐鎶€鏈殑鎻愰珮锛屽啘鑽墏鍨嬮渶瑕侀€傚簲褰㈠娍瑕佹眰锛屾窐姹拌惤鍚庛€佸寘瑁呫€佸姛鑳芥€у強鏃犲晢鍝佹祦閫氫骇鍝佸墏鍨嬶紝澧炲姞鐜繚鍨嬫柊鍓傚瀷锛屽鍓傚瀷杩涜绉戝鍚堢悊鐨勪紭鍖栨暣鍚堬紝浣夸箣鏇磋鑼冨拰瀹炵敤銆?/p>

鍏舵锛屾垜鍥藉墏鍨嬫爣鍑嗕慨璁㈡槸涓庡浗闄呮爣鍑嗗悓姝ユ洿鏂扮殑闇€瑕併€傝仈鍚堝浗绮啘缁勭粐銆佷笘鐣屽崼鐢熺粍缁囥€佹淇濆崗浼?CropLife)闅忕潃鍐滆嵂鐢熶骇闇€瑕侊紝淇鍜屽鍑忓啘鑽墏鍨嬪悕绉般€佷唬鐮佸拰瀹氫箟銆?/p>

鍒嗘瀽鍘嗘銆奆AO鍜學HO鐨勫啘鑽爣鍑嗗埗瀹氬拰浣跨敤鎵嬪唽銆嬪強闄勫綍E銆奀ropLife鍐滆嵂鍓傚瀷鏍囧噯銆嬬殑鍙樺寲锛屼綋鐜板嚭3涓壒鐐癸細

涓€鏄瀛﹀垎绫伙紝绮剧畝鍓傚瀷銆傚湪1987骞寸増鏈?5绉嶅墏鍨?1995骞寸増鏈?2绉嶅墏鍨?2002骞寸増鏈?1绉嶅墏鍨?2006骞寸増鏈?2绉嶅墏鍨嬶紝鑰?010骞寸増鍙湁63绉嶅墏鍨嬶紝2016骞存湁65绉嶅墏鍨嬨€?/p>

鏂扮増鍥介檯鍓傚瀷鍑忓皯浜嗛儴鍒嗗洜澶栬銆佸舰鐘跺拰浠嬭川绛夊樊寮傝緝灏忕殑鍓傚瀷(濡傞绮掑墏涓嶅啀缁嗗垎澶х矑鍓傘€佺粏绮掑墏銆佸井绮掑墏鍜屽井鍥婄矑鍓傦紝鐑熷墏涓嶅啀鍒嗙儫鐗囥€佺儫缃愩€佺儫寮广€佺儫鐑涖€佺儫鐞冦€佺儫妫掔瓑锛岄サ鍓備笉鍐嶅垎楗电矇銆侀サ绮掋€侀サ鍧椼€侀サ鐗囥€佽胺楗电瓑)銆傝繖浜涘彉鍖栬〃鏄庡啘鑽墏鍨嬪畾涔夋洿瀹芥硾锛屼笉鍐嶇敱浜庡井灏忕墿鎬у彉鍖栬€屾淳鐢熷墏鍨嬨€?/p>

鍙﹀锛屽湪甯傚満涓婃病鏈?鎴栨瀬灏?娴侀€氫骇鍝佷篃鏄墏鍨嬪彇娑堢殑鍘熷洜銆?/p>

浜屾槸FAO/WHO鑱斿姩锛岀粺涓€瑙勮寖銆傝嚜2002骞磋捣FAO/WHO鑱斿悎鍒惰骞跺彂甯冦€奆AO鍜學HO鐨勫啘鑽爣鍑嗗埗瀹氬拰浣跨敤鎵嬪唽銆嬶紝澧炶浜嗘皵闆惧墏銆佽殜棣欍€佺數鐑殜棣欑墖銆佺數鐑殜棣欐恫鍜岄暱鏁堥槻铓婂笎绛夊崼鐢熺敤鍓傚瀷鏍囧噯瑙勮寖;鍦–ropLife鍓傚瀷涓篃澧炲姞姝ょ被鍓傚瀷鍜屼唬鐮併€?/p>

涓夋槸娣樺姡澧炶壇锛岀幆淇濋鑸€傚啘鑽墏鍨嬬ǔ姝ュ彂灞曪紝娣樻卑澶氫负钀藉悗鍓傚瀷锛屽婕傛诞绮夊墏绛夛紝鏂板澶氫负瀵圭幆澧冨弸濂藉墏鍨嬶紝濡傞暱鏁堥槻铓婂笎绛夛紝杩欐槸鍐滆嵂棰嗗煙鍙戝睍鐨勬柟鍚戙€?/p>

鍐嶆锛屾鏍囧噯淇涔熸槸娉曡瑕佹眰銆傛牴鎹€婃爣鍑嗗寲娉曘€嬨€併€婃爣鍑嗗寲娉曞疄鏂芥潯渚嬨€嬭瀹氾紝鍦ㄦ爣鍑嗗疄鏂藉悗锛屾牴鎹瀛︽妧鏈拰缁忔祹寤鸿鍙戝睍瑕侀€傛椂杩涜淇锛屽叾鍛ㄦ湡涓€鑸笉瓒呰繃5骞淬€傚師鏍囧噯鍙戝竷宸叉湁14骞达紝闇€淇鏇存柊銆傜患涓婃墍杩帮紝淇鍩虹鏍囧噯鏄啘鑽彂灞曠殑鎶€鏈繚闅滐紝鏄叿鏈夊垝鏃朵唬鐜板疄鎰忎箟鐨勩€?/p>

2 鏍囧噯淇鍘熷垯

璇ユ爣鍑嗕慨璁㈡柟閽堟槸浠ュ畨鍏ㄣ€佺幆淇濄€佺瀛︺€佽鑼冧负瀹楁棬锛屼互FAO/WHO鍐滆嵂鍓傚瀷鍒嗙被涓鸿摑鏈紝鏈潃鎸夊舰鎬佸拰鎬ц兘鍒嗙被銆佺郴缁熸帓搴忥紝鏄撲簬鍖哄垎銆佷笉娣锋穯鍜岄€傜敤鎬у己鐨勫師鍒欙紝娣樻卑钀藉悗鍜屾棤鍟嗗搧娴侀€氬墏鍨嬶紝鍙栨秷鍔熻兘鎬у拰鍖呰绫诲墏鍨嬶紝瀵圭幇鏈夊墏鍨嬭繘琛屼紭鍖栥€佹暣鍚堛€傜瀛﹀悎鐞嗙晫瀹氬悇绫诲墏鍨嬪強鍓傚瀷闂寸殑宸紓锛屼弗璋ㄦ枃瀛楄鏄庯紝閬垮厤鐩稿悓/鐩镐技浜у搧浣滀负涓嶅悓鍓傚瀷鐨勮鍒ゃ€?/p>

2.1 鍐滆嵂鍓傚瀷鍛藉悕鍘熷垯

鍦ㄤ笂鐗堟爣鍑嗗啘鑽墏鍨嬪懡鍚嶅師鍒欏熀纭€涓婏紝瀵规枃瀛椾綔閫傚綋淇敼銆傚嵆浠ヤ骇鍝佺姸鎬佷负涓婚璇嶏紝鍐犱互鎬ц兘鎴栫敤閫旂瓑;鍓傚瀷鍚嶇О绠€鎹枫€佷笉閲嶅锛屼竴鑸负2锝?涓瓧;涓嫳鏂囧惈涔夌浉绗?鍏奸【涔犳儻鐢ㄦ硶;娉ㄦ剰涓庡寲宸ャ€佸尰鑽€佸寲濡嗗搧绛夎涓氱浉鍏充笓涓氱敤璇殑鍖哄埆鍙婅鎺ャ€?/p>

2.2 鍐滆嵂鍓傚瀷浠g爜瑙勫緥

鍥介檯鍓傚瀷浠g爜澶氶噰鐢ㄥ墏鍨嬭嫳鏂囧崟璇?浠?涓垨1涓崟璇嶉瀛楁瘝鎴栧悗浣?璋愰煶瀛楁瘝锛屽涓崟璇嶇殑澶氫负棣栦綅鎴栧叿鏈変唬琛ㄦ€у崟璇嶄腑2涓崟璇嶉浣嶅瓧姣?涓?涓瓧姣嶉『搴忔垨鍊掑簭缁勫悎浣擄紝骞跺吋椤惧悓绫诲墏鍨嬩唬鐮佺殑涓€鑷存€э紝閬垮厤閲嶅鍜屽彂闊崇瓑鍥犵礌銆傚垱鍒跺墏鍨嬭嫳鏂囧強浠g爜灏介噺鍙傜収姝ゆā寮忥紝閬靛惊鍥介檯鍚嶇О鍜屼唬鐮佽寰嬪拰涓嶉噸鍙犮€佷笉娣锋穯鍘熷垯锛屽埗瀹氭垜鍥藉啘鑽墏鍨嬭嫳鏂囧悕绉板強浠g爜锛屽苟鍔犳敞“*”鍙峰娉ㄣ€?/p>

3 鍓傚瀷鍚嶇О浠g爜鐨勮鏄?/p>

3.1 鍘熻嵂鍜屾瘝鑽痶echnical materials and technical concentrates

3.1.1 鍘熻嵂technical material(TC)

鍘熻嵂涓嫳鏂囧悕绉板強浠g爜涓庝笂鐗堢浉鍚岋紝绛夊悓閲囩敤FAO/WHO鏍囧噯鍜孋ropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€備负閬垮厤娣蜂贡锛屽皢鍘熸补銆佸師娑层€佸師绮夌瓑缁熺О涓哄師鑽€傜粨鏅躲€佺粨鏅剁矇鏄骇鍝佸舰鎬侊紝涓嶆槸鍓傚瀷銆?/p>

3.1.2 姣嶈嵂technical concentrate(TK)

姣嶈嵂涓嫳鏂囧悕绉板強浠g爜涓庝笂鐗堢浉鍚岋紝绛夊悓閲囩敤FAO/WHO鏍囧噯鍜孋ropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€傛瘝鑽瓨鍦ㄥ浐銆佹恫2绉嶅舰鎬侊紝灞炰簬涓嶇洿鎺ヤ娇鐢ㄥ崐鎴愬搧锛岄渶鍔犲伐閰嶅埗鎴愭渶缁堜骇鍝併€傛寜鍥介檯鎯緥涓嶅啀缁嗗垎姣嶇矇鍜屾瘝娑诧紝灏嗘瘝娑层€佹瘝绮夈€佸師鑽憾娑层€佽嫰娌广€侀娣锋恫銆佹祿缂╂恫銆佹祿鍓傚強寰敓鐗╃瓑鍐滆嵂鐨勯珮瀛㈢矇銆佸師鑽瓑缁熺О姣嶈嵂銆?/p>

灏嗗師鏍囧噯婊村姞娑睸F*鍚堝苟鍒版瘝鑽€?/p>

3.2 鍥轰綋鍒跺墏solid formulations

3.2.1 鐩存帴浣跨敤鍥轰綋鍒跺墏solid formulations for direct use

(1)绮夊墏dustable powder(DP)

(2)棰楃矑鍓俫ranule(GR)

绮夊墏銆侀绮掑墏涓嫳鏂囧悕绉板強浠g爜涓庝笂鐗堢浉鍚岋紝绛夊悓閲囩敤FAO/WHO鏍囧噯鍜孋ropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€?/p>

鍘熸爣鍑嗚Е鏉€绮塁P鍦–ropLife鏍囧噯涓垪鍑猴紝浠呯敤浜庡崼鐢熺敤鍐滆嵂锛屼笖涓庣矇鍓傜壒鎬у樊寮備笉澶э紝鍙堟棤鐧昏浜у搧锛屾晠鍚堝苟鍒扮矇鍓?鍙栨秷鍘熸爣鍑嗘紓娴矇鍓侴P锛屽洜鏃犵櫥璁颁骇鍝侊紝鍥介檯涓婂凡鍙栨秷锛屽湪鐢熶骇鍜屼娇鐢ㄤ腑鏄撳瓨鍦ㄥ畨鍏ㄩ殣鎮c€傚師鏍囧噯澶х矑鍓侴G銆佺粏绮掑墏FG銆佸井绮掑墏FG鍜屽井鍥婄矑鍓侰G鏄牴鎹矑寰勮寖鍥村拰鏉愯川(鍖呭泭)宸紓缁嗗寲娲剧敓鐨勫墏鍨嬶紝浠呮湁灏戞暟鐧昏浜у搧锛屽浗闄呬笂宸蹭笉鍐嶅崟鍒楋紝鏁呭悎骞跺埌棰楃矑鍓傦紝涓嶅啀浠ユ潗璐ㄥ彉鍖栬€屾淳鐢熷墏鍨嬨€?/p>

(3)鐞冨墏pellet(PT*)

鐞冨墏涓嫳鏂囧悕绉板強浠g爜涓庝笂鐗堢浉鍚岋紝鍙傝€冩棭鏈烠ropLife鐑熺悆鐨勮嫳鏂囧拰浠g爜锛屼负閬垮厤涓庡尰鑽敤璇尯鍒紝鍏奸【闃茶泙棰嗗煙闀挎湡浣跨敤鐞冨舰浜у搧锛屾晠涓虹悆鍓傦紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€?/p>

鍘熸爣鍑嗗潡鍓侭F*锛屽洜褰㈢姸闅剧‘瀹氾紝鍥介檯涓婃病鏈夛紝宸茬櫥璁颁骇鍝佹寜閴村畾缁撴灉閲嶆柊纭畾鍓傚瀷銆傚師鏍囧噯闃茶泙鐗囧墏MPT*銆侀槻铔€鐞冨墏MPP*鍒嗗埆鍚堝苟鍒扮墖鍓傚拰鐞冨墏銆?/p>

(4)鐗囧墏tablet(TB)

鐗囧墏涓嫳鏂囧悕绉板強浠g爜涓庝笂鐗堢浉鍚岋紝绛夊悓閲囩敤FAO/WHO鏍囧噯鍜孋ropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮併€備负涓庨绮掑墏绛変腑鑻辨枃瀵瑰簲鍜岀畝绾︼紝鍙栨秷鍘熸爣鍑嗗苟鍒楃殑鑻辨枃鍜屼唬鐮乼ablet for direct application (DT)锛屼慨璁簡鏂囧瓧璇存槑銆?/p>

鏉€铻ㄧ焊AP*鏃犱骇鍝侊紝浜堜互鍙栨秷銆?/p>

(5)鏉″墏plant rodlet(PR)

鏉″墏涓庡師鏍囧噯妫掑墏PR褰㈢姸鐩歌繎锛屼笖鐩稿瀹芥硾锛屾晠鍚堝苟涓烘潯鍓傦紝閲囩敤妫掑墏鑻辨枃鍜屼唬鐮侊紝鍗崇瓑鍚岄噰鐢–ropLife鍓傚瀷鑻辨枃鍚嶇О鍙婁唬鐮侊紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€?/p>

鍘熸爣鍑嗙啅钂告寕鏉S*鍦ㄥ啘琛屾爣淇涓烘寕鏉R*锛屽凡鏈変骇鍝佷娇鐢ㄣ€傛牴鎹笓瀹跺缓璁皢鎸傛潯SR*淇敼涓烘潯鍓傦紝鎷撳浣跨敤鑼冨洿锛岄€傜敤鎮寕銆佺紶缁曠瓑鏂瑰紡锛岀鍚堝懡鍚嶅師鍒欍€傚師鏍囧噯绗斿墏CA*鍚堝苟鍒版潯鍓傘€傜瑪鍓備笌绮夌瑪澶栬鐩镐技锛屾槗浣垮効绔ヨ鐢紝鏍规嵁鍐滆嵂妫€(鑽斂)[1999]75鍙锋枃浠讹紝闄愬埗閮ㄥ垎鍗敓鐢ㄤ骇鍝佸瑙傦紝濡傛潃锜戠瑪鍓傚簲鍒簬鏅€氱矇绗斿舰鐘讹紝閬垮厤寮曡捣鍎跨鍏磋叮锛屽噺灏戞帴瑙﹂闄┿€?/p>

3.2.2 鍙垎鏁e浐浣撳埗鍓俿olid formulations for dispersion

(1)鍙箍鎬х矇鍓倃ettable powder(WP)

(2)娌瑰垎鏁g矇鍓俹il dispersible powder(OP)

鍙箍鎬х矇鍓傘€佹补鍒嗘暎绮夊墏涓嫳鏂囧悕绉板強浠g爜涓庝笂鐗堢浉鍚岋紝绛夊悓閲囩敤FAO/WHO鏍囧噯鍜孋ropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€?/p>

(3)涔崇矇鍓俥mulsifiable powder(EP)

涔崇矇鍓傝嫳鏂囧悕绉板強浠g爜绛夊悓閲囩敤FAO/WHO鏍囧噯鍜孋ropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝鍦ㄥ啘琛屾爣宸插埗瀹氾紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€?/p>

(4)姘村垎鏁g矑鍓倃ater dispersible granule(WG)

(5)涔崇矑鍓俥mulsifiable granule(EG)

姘村垎鏁g矑鍓傘€佷钩绮掑墏涓嫳鏂囧悕绉板強浠g爜涓庝笂鐗堢浉鍚岋紝绛夊悓閲囩敤FAO/WHO鏍囧噯鍜孋ropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€?/p>

(6)姘村垎鏁g墖鍓倃ater dispersible tablet(WT)

姘村垎鏁g墖鍓傝嫳鏂囧悕绉板強浠g爜涓庝笂鐗堢浉鍚岋紝绛夊悓閲囩敤FAO/WHO鏍囧噯鍜孋ropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝涓轰笌姘村垎鏁g矑鍓傚搴旓紝涓斾笌鑻辨枃涓瓀ater鍚诲悎锛屽皢鍘熸爣鍑嗗彲鍒嗘暎鐗囧墏淇敼涓烘按鍒嗘暎鐗囧墏锛屼慨璁簡鏂囧瓧璇存槑銆?/p>

鍘熸爣鍑嗘场鑵剧矑鍓侲A*鍜屾场鑵剧墖鍓侲B鍦ㄥ浗闄呬笂宸插彇娑堬紝鍒嗗埆鍚堝苟鍒版按鍒嗘暎绮掑墏鍜屾按鍒嗘暎鐗囧墏銆?/p>

3.2.3 鍙憾鍥轰綋鍒跺墏solid formulations for dissolution

(1)鍙憾绮夊墏water soluble powder(SP)

(2)鍙憾绮掑墏water soluble granule(SG)

(3)鍙憾鐗囧墏water soluble tablet(ST)

鍙憾绮夊墏銆佸彲婧剁矑鍓傘€佸彲婧剁墖鍓備腑鑻辨枃鍚嶇О鍙婁唬鐮佷笌涓婄増鐩稿悓锛岀瓑鍚岄噰鐢‵AO/WHO鏍囧噯鍜孋ropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€?/p>

3.3 娑蹭綋鍒跺墏liquid formulations

3.3.1 婧舵恫鍒跺墏simple solution formulations

(1)鍙憾娑插墏soluble concentrate(SL)

鍙憾娑插墏涓嫳鏂囧悕绉板強浠g爜涓庝笂鐗堢浉鍚岋紝绛夊悓閲囩敤FAO/WHO鏍囧噯鍜孋ropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€傝鍓傚瀷鏈檺瀹氭憾瑙f湁鏁堟垚鍒嗘槸鏈夋満婧跺墏銆佹按鎴栧叾娣峰悎鐗?鍙婂繀瑕佸姪鍓?銆?/p>

鏍规嵁FAO/WHO鍙憾娑插墏鏍囧噯涓殑鏍囨敞锛屼互姘翠负浠嬭川鐨勪骇鍝佸彲涓嶈姘村垎鎸囨爣锛屾晠鍥介檯涓婂彧鏈夊彲婧舵恫鍓傦紝鍐呮兜浜嗗師鏍囧噯姘村墏AS*;涓斾粠鎶€鏈笂涔熼毦鍖哄垎杩欎袱鍓傚瀷(浜岃€呰川閲忔帶鍒堕」鐩浉鍚?锛屾棤娉曡瀹氫骇鍝佷腑姘村垎鍚噺锛屽挨鍏舵槸鏈夋晥鎴愬垎鍚噺楂樼殑浜у搧闅句互鎺у埗姘存垨婧跺墏鐨勬瘮渚嬨€備负涓庡浗闄呮爣鍑嗘帴杞紝鎶婃按鍓傚悎骞跺埌鍙憾娑插墏銆傛敞鎰忔椿浣撳井鐢熺墿浜у搧涓€鑸笉鏄按鍓傘€?/p>

(2)鍙憾鑳跺墏water soluble gel(GW)

(3)娌瑰墏oil miscible liquid(OL)

(a)灞曡啘娌瑰墏spreading oil(SO)

鍙憾鑳跺墏銆佹补鍓傘€佸睍鑶滄补鍓?褰掓补鍓傜被)涓嫳鏂囧悕绉板強浠g爜涓庝笂鐗堢浉鍚岋紝绛夊悓閲囩敤CropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝鎷撳娌瑰墏浣跨敤鑼冨洿锛屼慨鏀逛负绋€閲婃垨涓嶇█閲婃憾鍓傘€?/p>

3.3.2 鍒嗘暎娑蹭綋鍒跺墏solution formulations for dispersion

(1)涔虫补emulsifiable concentrate(EC)

(2)涔宠兌emulsifiable gel(GL)

(3)鍙垎鏁f恫鍓俤ispersible concentrate(DC)

涔虫补銆佷钩鑳躲€佸彲鍒嗘暎娑插墏涓嫳鏂囧悕绉板強浠g爜涓庝笂鐗堢浉鍚岋紝绛夊悓閲囩敤FAO/WHO鏍囧噯鎴朇ropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€備钩娌逛腑鏂囧悕绉板吋椤句範鎯敤娉曘€?/p>

(4)鑶忓墏paste(PA)

鑶忓墏鑻辨枃鍚嶇О鍙婁唬鐮佷笌涓婄増鐩稿悓锛岀瓑鍚岄噰鐢‵AO/WHO鏍囧噯鍜孋ropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝鍥犺啅绯婂瓧涔夌浉浼硷紝鑶忕浉瀵逛弗璋紝鏁呮妸鍘熸爣鍑嗙硦鍓傛敼涓鸿啅鍓傦紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€?/p>

鍘熸爣鍑嗘祿鑳?鑶?鍓侾C鏃犵櫥璁颁骇鍝侊紝鍥介檯涓婂凡鍙栨秷锛屾晠浜堜互鍙栨秷銆?/p>

3.3.3 涔虫恫鍒跺墏emulsion formulations

(1)姘翠钩鍓俥mulsion, oil in water(EW)

(2)娌逛钩鍓俥mulsion, water in oil(EO)

(3)寰钩鍓俶icro-emulsion(ME)

姘翠钩鍓傘€佹补涔冲墏銆佸井涔冲墏涓嫳鏂囧悕绉板強浠g爜涓庝笂鐗堢浉鍚岋紝绛夊悓閲囩敤FAO/WHO鏍囧噯鎴朇ropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€?/p>

(4)鑴傚墏grease(GS)

鑴傚墏鑻辨枃鍚嶇О鍙婁唬鐮佷笌涓婄増鐩稿悓锛岀瓑鍚岄噰鐢‵AO/WHO鏍囧噯鍜孋ropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝鎶婂師鏍囧噯鑴傝啅鏀逛负鑴傚墏锛岀鍚堜慨鏀瑰師鍒欙紝灏介噺钀藉埌“鍓?rdquo;锛屼慨璁簡鏂囧瓧璇存槑銆?/p>

3.3.4 鎮诞鍒跺墏suspension formulations

(1)鎮诞鍓俿uspension concentrate(SC)

(2)寰泭鎮诞鍓俢apsule suspension(CS)

鎮诞鍓傘€佸井鍥婃偓娴墏浠g爜涓庝笂鐗堢浉鍚岋紝鑻辨枃绛夊悓閲囩敤2016骞寸増FAO/WHO鏍囧噯鍜孋ropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝鍙栨秷鍘熸爣鍑嗕腑aqueous(2010鐗堟湁)锛屼慨璁簡鏂囧瓧璇存槑銆?/p>

(3)娌规偓娴墏oil miscible flowable concentrates(OF)

娌规偓娴墏涓嫳鏂囧悕绉板強浠g爜涓庝笂鐗堢浉鍚岋紝绛夊悓閲囩敤CropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€?/p>

(4)鍙垎鏁f补鎮诞鍓俹il-base dispersion concentrate(oil dispersion)(OD)

鍙垎鏁f补鎮诞鍓傝嫳鏂囧悕绉板強浠g爜鏄瓑鍚岄噰鐢‵AO/WHO鏍囧噯锛岃€孋ropLife涓簅il dispersion锛屽洜浠g爜OD婧愪簬姝わ紝鏁呭苟鍒椾负鑻辨枃鍚嶇О锛屽湪鍐滆鏍囧凡鍒跺畾銆?/p>

3.3.5 澶氱浉鍒跺墏multi-character liquid formulations

(1)鎮钩鍓俿uspo-emulsion(SE)

鎮钩鍓備唬鐮佷笌涓婄増鐩稿悓锛岀瓑鍚岄噰鐢?016骞寸増FAO/WHO鏍囧噯鍜孋ropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝鍙栨秷鍘熸爣鍑嗕腑aqueous(2010鐗堟湁)銆傛牴鎹甁MPS 2012 Closed Meeting淇鏂囧瓧璇存槑銆?/p>

(2)寰泭鎮诞-鎮诞鍓俶ixed formulations of CS and SC(ZC)

(3)寰泭鎮诞-姘翠钩鍓俶ixed formulations of CS and EW(ZW)

(4)寰泭鎮诞-鎮钩鍓俶ixed formulations of CS and SE(ZE)

寰泭鎮诞-鎮诞鍓傘€佸井鍥婃偓娴?姘翠钩鍓傘€佸井鍥婃偓娴?鎮钩鍓傝嫳鏂囧悕绉板強浠g爜绛夊悓閲囩敤FAO/WHO鏍囧噯鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝鑰孋ropLife鏈?ldquo;a”锛岀幇閲囩敤FAO/WHO鑻辨枃锛屽湪鍐滆鏍囧凡鍒跺畾銆?/p>

3.4 绉嶅瓙澶勭悊鍒跺墏seed treatment formulations

3.4.1 绉嶅瓙澶勭悊鍥轰綋鍒跺墏seed treatment solid formulations

(1)绉嶅瓙澶勭悊骞茬矇鍓俻owder for dry seed treatment(DS)

(2)绉嶅瓙澶勭悊鍙垎鏁g矇鍓倃ater dispersible powder for slurry seed treatment(WS)

绉嶅瓙澶勭悊骞茬矇鍓傘€佺瀛愬鐞嗗彲鍒嗘暎绮夊墏涓嫳鏂囧悕绉板強浠g爜涓庝笂鐗堢浉鍚岋紝绛夊悓閲囩敤FAO/WHO鏍囧噯鍜孋ropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€?/p>

鍘熸爣鍑嗙瀛愬鐞嗗彲婧剁矇鍓係S鍒桭AO/WHO鏍囧噯涓紝浣嗗湪2013骞碕MPS浼氳涓婂缓璁彇娑堟鍓傚瀷鏍囧噯鎸囧崡锛孋ropLife宸插彇娑堬紝鏃犵櫥璁颁骇鍝侊紝鏁呬簣浠ュ彇娑堛€?/p>

3.4.2 绉嶅瓙澶勭悊娑蹭綋鍒跺墏seed treatment liquid formulations

(1)绉嶅瓙澶勭悊娑插墏solution for seed treatment(LS)

(2)绉嶅瓙澶勭悊涔冲墏emulsion for seed treatment(ES)

绉嶅瓙澶勭悊娑插墏銆佺瀛愬鐞嗕钩鍓備腑鑻辨枃鍚嶇О鍙婁唬鐮佷笌涓婄増鐩稿悓锛岀瓑鍚岄噰鐢‵AO/WHO鏍囧噯鍜孋ropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€?/p>

(3)绉嶅瓙澶勭悊鎮诞鍓俿uspension concentrate for seed treatment(flowable concentrate for seed treatment) (FS)

绉嶅瓙澶勭悊鎮诞鍓備腑鑻辨枃鍚嶇О鍙婁唬鐮佷笌涓婄増鐩稿悓锛岀瓑鍚岄噰鐢‵AO/WHO鏍囧噯鍙婁唬鐮侊紝鑰孋ropLife涓篺lowable concentrate for seed treatment锛屽洜浠g爜FS婧愪簬姝わ紝鏁呭苟鍒椾负鑻辨枃鍚嶇О銆?/p>

鏍规嵁FAO/WHO鏍囧噯锛岀瀛愬鐞嗘偓娴墏鏈檺瀹氭槸鍚﹀惈鏈夋垚鑶滃墏鍜岄噰鐢ㄥ寘琛f垨鎷岀浣跨敤鏂规硶锛屼骇鍝佹妧鏈寚鏍囦富瑕佹湁闄勭潃鎬у拰绮掑緞鍒嗗竷绛夛紝姝ゅ墏鍨嬪彲娑电洊鍘熸爣鍑嗘偓娴琛e墏FSC*(鍚垚鑶滃墏鍙婄瀛愬寘琛o紝鎶€鏈寚鏍囨湁鎴愯啘鏃堕棿銆佸寘琛h劚钀界巼鍜屽潎鍖€搴︾瓑椤规寚鏍?銆?/p>

涓轰笌鍥介檯鎺ヨ建锛屽皢鎮诞绉嶈。鍓傚悎骞跺埌绉嶅瓙澶勭悊鎮诞鍓傘€傚師鏍囧噯绉嶅瓙澶勭悊寰泭鎮诞鍓侰F鍚堝苟鍒扮瀛愬鐞嗘偓娴墏锛屽浗闄呬笂宸插彇娑堛€傚洜鏃犵櫥璁颁骇鍝侊紝鍙栨秷鍐滆鏍囧埗瀹氱殑绉嶅瓙澶勭悊寰泭鎮诞-鎮诞鍓俍CS*銆?/p>

3.5 鍏朵粬鍒跺墏other formulations

姝ゆ淇瀵瑰墏鍨嬬被鍒皟鏁翠富瑕佹秹鍙婃尌鏁e埗鍓傚拰甯︽湁搴旂敤鍣ㄥ叿鐨勫埗鍓傘€?/p>

3.5.1 甯︽湁搴旂敤鍣ㄥ叿鐨勫埗鍓俧ormulations prepared as devices

(1)姘旈浘鍓俛erosol dispenser(AE)銆?/p>

姘旈浘鍓備唬鐮佷笌涓婄増鐩稿悓锛岀瓑鍚岄噰鐢‵AO/WHO鍜孋ropLife浠g爜銆傚浗闄呰嫳鏂囧鍔燿ispenser锛屾晠浣滅浉搴斾慨璁紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€傚師鏍囧噯鏍规嵁浠嬭川鍒嗘补鍩烘皵闆惧墏OBA銆佹按鍩烘皵闆惧墏WBA銆侀唶鍩烘皵闆惧墏ABA*锛岀幇鍚堝苟涓烘皵闆惧墏銆?/p>

(2)鐢电儹铓婇鐗噕aporizing mat(MV)

(3)鐢电儹铓婇娑瞝iquid vaporizer(LV)

鐢电儹铓婇鐗囥€佺數鐑殜棣欐恫涓嫳鏂囧悕绉板強浠g爜涓庝笂鐗堢浉鍚岋紝绛夊悓閲囩敤FAO/WHO鏍囧噯锛屼慨璁簡璇存槑鏂囧瓧銆傚洜鏃犵櫥璁版垨甯傚満鏃犳祦閫氫骇鍝侊紝鍙栨秷鍘熸爣鍑嗙數鐑殜棣欐祮VA*銆佸浐娑茶殜棣橲V*銆侀┍铏甫RT*鍜屽啘琛屾爣鐨勭數鐑殜棣欏潡VB*銆?/p>

(4)闃茶殜鐗噋roof mat(PM*)

鍘熸爣鍑嗛┍铏墖RM*鍦ㄥ啘琛屾爣淇涓洪┍铓婄墖RMM*锛屾娆′慨鏀逛负闃茶殜鐗囷紝鎶妑epellent鏀逛负proof锛屼粠涓嫳鏂囧悕瀛椾腑涓庢秱鎶圭被浜у搧鍖哄垎銆傚洜闇€瑕侀厤濂楀櫒鍏蜂娇鐢紝鐗瑰綊姝ょ被銆傚啘琛屾爣椹辫殜绮扲MG*涓庡叾鏈夊舰鐘跺拰鏉愯川宸紓锛屼絾浣滅敤鏂瑰紡鐩稿悓锛屾晠鍚堝苟涓洪┍铓婄墖銆?/p>

3.5.2 鎸ユ暎鍒跺墏volatile formulations

(1)姘斾綋鍒跺墏gas(GA)

姘斾綋鍒跺墏涓嫳鏂囧悕绉板強浠g爜涓庝笂鐗堢浉鍚岋紝绛夊悓閲囩敤CropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€?/p>

(a)鍙戞皵鍓俫as generating product(GE)

鍙戞皵鍓傛槸姘斾綋鍒跺墏鐗规畩褰㈠紡锛岃嫳鏂囧強浠g爜涓庝笂鐗堢浉鍚岋紝绛夊悓閲囩敤CropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€備负瑙勮寖鍐滆嵂绫诲埆鐢卞師鐗规畩鐢ㄩ€旇皟鏁村埌姝ょ被銆?/p>

(2)鎸ユ暎鑺痙ispensor(DR*)

鎸ユ暎鑺腑銆佽嫳鏂囨槸鍙傝€冨浗闄呯敓鐗╁寲瀛﹀啘鑽父鐢ㄨ瘝銆佹寜鍓傚瀷浠g爜瑙勫緥锛岀粨鍚堝浗鎯呭埗瀹氥€傚叾璁惧畾涓昏鐢ㄤ簬鏄嗚櫕鍡呰鎬у寲瀛︿俊鎭墿璐ㄤ骇鍝?涓€鑸寔鏁堟湡鍦?涓湀浠ヤ笂)锛屼篃鍙敤浜庣幆澧冨崼鐢熸帶鍒舵湁瀹崇敓鐗╀骇鍝併€?/p>

涓斾笉鍙楀紩璇辨垨鎸ユ暎鍔熻兘闄愬埗銆佺浉瀵瑰娉涳紝鍙兜鐩栧拰鏇夸唬鍘熸爣鍑嗚鑺疉W*锛岄伩鍏嶅洜娴撳害鍙樺寲鑰屽紩璧峰姛鑳藉樊寮傜瓑鐭涚浘锛岀洰鍓嶇櫥璁扮殑涓嶅銆傛尌鏁h姱灏嗕骇鍝佷娇鐢ㄦ柟寮忓舰璞″寲琛ㄧず锛?ldquo;鑺?rdquo;琛ㄧず涓績锛屽彲鍚戝懆鍥存尌鏁f湁鏁堟垚鍒嗭紝杈惧埌鎺у埗鏈夊鐢熺墿锛岃姱娌℃湁闄愬畾杞戒綋鏉愯川鍜屽舰鐘讹紝鍙负绠°€佸潡銆佺矑绛夛紝鏄惧緱鏇磋创鍒囧拰閫傜敤锛岀鍚堝懡鍚嶅拰淇鍘熷垯銆?/p>

鍙栨秷鍥犲瑙傚舰鐘跺樊寮備负鏄嗚櫕淇℃伅绱犺瀹氬師鏍囧噯缂撻噴鍧桞RB*銆佺紦閲婄BRT*锛屽悎骞朵负鎸ユ暎鑺€傝鍓傚瀷鍒跺畾涓虹敓鐗╁寲瀛﹀啘鑽彂灞曞瀹氭妧鏈鑼冦€傚洜鏃犵櫥璁颁骇鍝侊紝鍙栨秷鍘熸爣鍑嗛┍铏幆RL*銆傜敱浜庡師鏍囧噯缂撻噴绮払RG*璇存槑杈冨娉涳紝鏄撻€犳垚璇В(宸茬櫥璁颁骇鍝侀渶閴村畾纭畾鍓傚瀷)銆?/p>

缂撻噴鏄姛鑳借瘝锛岀己涔忕瀛︽帶鍒舵寚鏍囧拰妫€娴嬫柟娉曘€傛煇浜涘墏鍨嬫湰韬叿鏈夌紦閲婂姛鑳斤紝濡傚井鍥婃偓娴墏銆侀绮掑墏绛夈€傞绮掑墏鐢熶骇宸ヨ壓鍜屼娇鐢ㄦ柟娉曞喅瀹氫簡鍦ㄥ皯姘存儏鍐典笅锛岄噴鏀鹃€熷害杈冪紦鎱紝鍗虫湁涓€瀹氱紦閲婃€с€傜紦閲婃妧鏈槸鍙屽垉鍓戯紝瀵逛綔鐗╄兘鎻愪緵杈冮暱淇濇姢鏃堕棿锛屽悓鏃跺褰?鍚庤尙浣滅墿銆佸湡澹ゅ拰鍦颁笅姘存湁鍙兘瀛樺湪闀挎湡娼滃湪椋庨櫓锛岄暱鏈熶綆鍓傞噺閲婃斁鑽墏鏄撹瀵间骇鐢熸姉鎬с€?/p>

3.5.3 鐑熺被鍒跺墏smoke formulations

(1)鐑熷墏smoke generator(FU)

鐑熷墏鑻辨枃鍙婁唬鐮佷笌涓婄増鐩稿悓锛岀瓑鍚岄噰鐢–ropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€備负瑙勮寖鍐滆嵂绫诲埆灏嗗師鏍囧噯鐑熺被鍒跺墏鐢卞浐浣撳埗鍓傝皟鏁村埌姝ょ被銆?/p>

鍘熸爣鍑嗙儫缃怓D銆佺儫寮笷P銆佺儫鐞僃W銆佺儫鐑汧K鍧囨棤鐧昏浜у搧锛屽浗闄呬笂宸插彇娑堬紝鏁呬负鍙栨秷鍓傚瀷;鍘熸爣鍑嗙儫鐗嘑T鍜岀儫妫扚K(鍥介檯涓婂凡鍙栨秷)鍚堝苟鍒扮儫鍓傘€傚師鏍囧噯鐑熼浘鍓侳O*鏈夌偣鐕冨拰鍔犳按鍙戠儹2绉嶆柟寮忥紝鍏朵綔鐢ㄧ浉鍚岋紝鍚堝苟鍒扮儫鍓傘€?/p>

(2)铓婇mosquito coil(MC)

铓婇涓嫳鏂囧悕绉板強浠g爜涓庝笂鐗堢浉鍚岋紝绛夊悓閲囩敤FAO/WHO鏍囧噯鍜孋ropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€傚浠嬭川涓嶅悓濡傜焊铓婇锛屽洜褰㈢姸鍙婁娇鐢ㄦ柟娉曠浉鍚岋紝鎬ц兘宸紓涓嶅ぇ锛岀粺绉拌殜棣欍€?/p>

鍐滆鏍囪潎棣橣C*瀛樺湪瀹夊叏闅愭偅锛屾牴鎹鍏眾绗竷娆″拰绗叓娆″叏鍥藉啘鑽櫥璁拌瘎瀹′細绾锛屼笉鍐嶆壒鍑嗘柊澧炵櫥璁帮紝宸叉棤鐧昏浜у搧锛屾晠鍙栨秷铦囬銆傚師鏍囧噯锜戦CC*涓哄鍐呯敤浜у搧锛岄暱鏃堕棿楂樺惈閲忕噧鐑э紝闄ゅ叧娉ㄧ儫灏樺拰瀹ゅ唴绌烘皵娓呮磥锛屼笌铦囬鍚屾牱瀛樺湪褰卞搷灞呮皯鍋ュ悍鍜岀幆澧冨畨鍏ㄧ殑椋庨櫓锛屽強浣滅敤鏈虹悊銆侀槻鏁堝拰鏄撹鍙戞姉鎬х瓑闂锛屼笖浜у搧灏戯紝甯傚満娴侀€氭湁闄愶紝鏁呭彇娑堣煈棣欍€?/p>

3.5.4 璇遍サ鍒跺墏bait formulations

涓鸿鑼冨垎绫诲皢璇遍サ鍒跺墏鐢卞浐浣撳埗鍓傝皟鏁村埌姝ょ被銆?/p>

(1)楗靛墏bait(ready for use)(RB)

楗靛墏涓嫳鏂囧悕绉板強浠g爜涓庝笂鐗堢浉鍚岋紝绛夊悓閲囩敤CropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€傛牴鎹慨鏀瑰師鍒欙紝鎶婂師鏍囧噯楗电矇BP*銆侀サ绮扜B銆侀サ鍧桞B锛岄サ鐗嘝B銆佽兌楗礏G*銆侀サ鑶廝S*鍚堝苟涓洪サ鍓傦紝鍙栨秷鍘熸爣鍑嗘棤浜у搧楗垫SB*銆?/p>

(2)娴撻サ鍓俠ait concentrate(CB)

娴撻サ鍓備腑鑻辨枃鍚嶇О鍙婁唬鐮佷笌涓婄増鐩稿悓锛岀瓑鍚岄噰鐢–ropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€?/p>

3.5.5 绌洪棿椹遍伩鍒跺墏spatial repellent formulations

姝ょ被浜у搧浣跨敤鏄笉鐩存帴鎺ヨЕ鐨偆锛學HO绉扮┖闂撮┍閬?spatial repellent)锛岀浉瀵规瘮杈冨畨鍏ㄣ€佺幆淇濓紝闇€瑕佸叧娉ㄥ拰寤虹珛閰嶅娴嬪畾鏂规硶鍜岃瘎浠锋爣鍑嗐€?/p>

(1)闃茶殜缃慽nsect-proof net(PN*)

(2)闃茶櫕缃﹊nsect-proof cover(PC*)

闃茶櫕缃戙€侀槻铏僵鏄柊澧炲墏鍨嬶紝涓嫳鏂囧悕绉板強浠g爜鏄牴鎹墏鍨嬪懡鍚嶅師鍒欙紝涓庝笓瀹跺拰浼佷笟鍟嗚鑰屽畾銆傚澶栧競鍦哄凡鏅強锛屾垜鍥藉凡鏈夌櫥璁颁骇鍝併€?/p>

(3)闀挎晥闃茶殜甯恖ong-lasting insecticidal net(LN)

闀挎晥闃茶殜甯愪唬鐮佺瓑鍚岄噰鐢‵AO/WHO鍜孋ropLife浠g爜鍙奀ropLife鑻辨枃(姣擣AO/WHO绠€绾r netting)锛屽皢鍘熸爣鍑嗛┍铓婂笎LTN鍜屽啘琛屾爣闀挎晥铓婂笎LN鍚堝苟涓洪暱鏁堥槻铓婂笎锛屼慨璁簡鏂囧瓧璇存槑銆傚彇娑堝師鏍囧噯鏃犵櫥璁颁骇鍝佽殜甯愬鐞嗗墏TN*銆?/p>

3.5.6 娑傛姽鍒跺墏paint formulations

娑傛姽鍒跺墏涓昏鎸囧瀹宠櫕鏈夐┍閬夸綔鐢ㄧ殑涓汉鎶ょ悊浜у搧銆備笂鐗堟爣鍑嗗凡鍒涘埗浜嗚繖绫诲墏鍨嬪強浠g爜锛屼娇椹遍伩浜у搧鐢熶骇鍒濆叿瑙勬ā锛屽緱鍒扮櫨濮撹鍙紝鍦ㄥ競鍦轰篃鍙楁杩庛€傚洜姝ょ被浜у搧涓庝汉浣撴帴瑙︼紝闇€缁忛闄╄瘎浼扮‘淇濅娇鐢ㄥ畨鍏紝骞跺叧娉ㄦ秱鎶圭毊鑲ょ殑鐗规€э紝濡傛劅瀹樸€佺悊鍖栧拰鍗敓绛夋寚鏍囷紝鎺у埗閲嶉噾灞炲強鑿岃惤鎬绘暟绛夛紝杩橀』娉ㄦ剰鐨偆鑸掗€傚害鍜岃嚧鏁忔€э紝寤鸿閲囩敤瀹夊叏鎶よ偆鍔╁墏銆?/p>

(1)椹辫殜涔硆epellent milk(RK*)

椹辫殜涔充腑鑻辨枃鍚嶇О涓庝笂鐗堢浉鍚岋紝涓嫳鏂囧強浠g爜鍙傝€冨叾浠栧浗瀹跺拰鍖栧鍝佸悕璇嶆湳璇爣鍑嗙瓑璧勬枡锛岀粨鍚堝浗鎯呭埗瀹氾紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€?/p>

鍘熸爣鍑嗛┍铓婇湝RC*涓庨┍铓婁钩涓昏鏈夐粡搴﹀樊寮傦紝澶忓浜轰滑涔犳儻浣跨敤榛忕搴﹀亸浣庣殑涔冲墏锛屽凡鐧昏浜у搧鍚堝苟鍒伴┍铓婁钩;鍘熸爣鍑嗛┍铏啅RA*鍦ㄥ啘琛屾爣淇敼涓洪┍铓婅啅RMP*锛屽凡鐧昏浜у搧鍚堝苟涓洪┍铓婁钩锛岀悊鐢卞悓涓娿€?/p>

(2)椹辫殜娑瞨epellent liquid(RQ*)

椹辫殜娑蹭腑鑻卞悕绉板強浠g爜涓庝笂鐗堢浉鍚岋紝鍙傝€冨叾浠栧浗瀹躲€佺粨鍚堝浗鎯呭埗瀹氥€?/p>

鍘熸爣鍑嗛┍铓婇湶RO*涓庨┍铓婃恫涓昏鏈夐粡搴﹀樊寮傦紝宸茬櫥璁颁骇鍝佸悎骞跺埌椹辫殜娑层€傞┍铓婃恫鍙寘鎷按water/闇瞝otion(鎴栨补oil)锛屼负瀹夊叏鍜岃垝閫傦紝涓€鑸笉鍚垨鍚皯閲忎箼閱囥€?/p>

(a)椹辫殜鑺遍湶姘磖epellent floral water(RW*)

椹辫殜鑺遍湶姘翠腑鑻卞悕绉板強浠g爜涓庝笂鐗堢浉鍚岋紝鍙傝€冨叾浠栧浗瀹躲€佺粨鍚堝浗鎯呭埗瀹氥€傝鍓傚瀷鏄┍铓婃恫鐨勭壒娈婂墏鍨嬶紝涓昏鏈夊惈鑺遍湶姘寸殑宸紓銆傝€冭檻浣跨敤鑰呭涓鸿€佸辜濡囷紝寤鸿鍦ㄥ叿鏈夐槻鏁堝熀纭€涓婏紝鏍规嵁鍋ュ悍椋庨櫓璇勪及缁撴灉锛岄噰鐢ㄦ渶浣庢湁鏁堝墏閲忋€?/p>

(3)椹辫殜宸緍epellent wipe(RP*)

灏嗗師鏍囧噯椹辫櫕绾窻P*淇涓洪┍铓婂肪锛岀洰鍓嶅皻鏃犱骇鍝侊紝浣嗗澶栧凡鏈変骇鍝佷笂甯傘€傚彇娑堟棤鐧昏浜у搧鍘熸爣鍑嗘秱鑶滃墏LA銆佺獥绾辨秱鍓侾W*锛屽凡鏈夌櫥璁颁骇鍝佸師鏍囧噯娑傛姽鍓侾N*鍙牴鎹壌瀹氱粨鏋滅‘瀹氬墏鍨嬶紝杩欑被浜у搧涓昏鐢ㄤ簬娑傛姽鐗╀綋琛ㄩ潰锛屽瓨鍦ㄩ粡绋犲害宸紓銆?/p>

3.5.7 浣跨敤鏂瑰紡鍓傚瀷

浣跨敤鏂瑰紡鍓傚瀷闇€鍦ㄩ厤濂楄澶囦笂浣跨敤锛屽苟鏈夌壒瀹氭柦鑽墏閲忓拰浣跨敤闆炬淮澶у皬銆佺矑璋辫寖鍥寸瓑瑕佹眰銆傚師鏍囧噯瓒呬綆瀹归噺娑插墏UL銆佺儹闆惧墏HN銆佽秴浣庡閲忔偓娴墏SU銆佸喎闆惧墏KN銆侀潤鐢靛柗闆炬恫鍓侲D(鍥介檯涓婂凡鍙栨秷)鍧囦负浣跨敤鏂瑰紡鍓傚瀷锛屽叾涓悗3涓棤鐧昏浜у搧浜堜互鍙栨秷銆?/p>

鍙栨秷鍘熸爣鍑嗗柗灏勫墏SF*(澶氫负鍗敓鐢?锛屾寜鑽恫閴村畾缁撴灉纭畾鍓傚瀷锛岄伩鍏嶅洜鏈夋棤鍠峰ご鍜屼綆鍚噺涓嶉渶瑕佺█閲婃垚涓哄墏鍨嬬劍鐐癸紝涓斿叾鎶€鏈寚鏍囦篃闅捐瀹氥€傚悓鐞嗗彇娑堝師鏍囧噯闃茶泙娑插墏MPL*锛屾牴鎹壌瀹氱粨鏋滅‘瀹氬墏鍨嬨€?/p>

(1)瓒呬綆瀹归噺娑插墏ultra low volume liquid(UL)

瓒呬綆瀹归噺娑插墏涓嫳鏂囧悕绉板強浠g爜涓庝笂鐗堢浉鍚岋紝绛夊悓閲囩敤FAO/WHO鏍囧噯鍜孋ropLife鍓傚瀷鍙婁唬鐮侊紝淇浜嗘枃瀛楄鏄庛€?/p>

璇ュ墏鍨嬫槸涓€绉嶄娇鐢ㄦ柟寮忥紝铏借緝鏃╁垪鍦‵AO/WHO鏍囧噯涓紝浣嗛櫎鍚噺銆佹潅璐ㄥ強绋冲畾鎬у锛屽彧鏈夐吀纰卞害鍜岄粡搴︽寚鏍囥€傝繎骞村彂灞曞緢蹇紝宸叉湁姘翠钩鍓傘€佹补鎮诞鍓傘€佸井涔冲墏绛夊墏鍨嬪湪瓒呬綆瀹归噺鎴栫儹闆炬満涓婂柗闆句娇鐢紝涓昏鐢ㄤ簬鍏叡鍗敓鍙婃灄闃层€佽潡闃诧紝鍦ㄥ啘鐢颁娇鐢ㄨ緝灏戙€?/p>

灏忓瀷鏃犱汉鏈哄湪鍐滅敯椋為槻鐢ㄨ嵂鍓傚湪鍥介檯涓婂皻鏃犲墏鍨嬫爣鍑嗭紝闇€寤虹珛閰嶅鏍囧噯瑙勮寖銆傞鍏堣閫夋嫨閫傚悎鑽墏鍜岄厤濂楀姪鍓傦紝鍏舵妧鏈寚鏍囬渶寤朵几锛屾牴鎹骇鍝佸舰鎬佸強閰嶅璁惧鍒跺畾鐩稿叧鎶€鏈寚鏍囷紝濡傞粡搴︺€佹尌鍙戞€?闆炬淮澶遍噸鐜?銆侀浘婊寸矑寰勩€侀棯鐐圭瓑锛屼互閬垮厤婕傜Щ浜х敓鑽锛岃仛鐒﹂浘婊存帶鍒朵笌绮惧噯鏂借嵂锛屾彁楂樺啘鑽娇鐢ㄧ巼銆傛敞鎰忔妧鏈寚鏍囪瀹氱殑绉戝鍜屽悎鐞嗘€э紝閬垮厤鐩稿悓浜у搧瀛樺湪涓嶅悓鍓傚瀷鐨勬妧鏈紡娲炪€?/p>

(2)鐑浘鍓俬ot fogging concentrate(HN)

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4 鏈夊叧璇存槑

4.1 鍙栨秷鍖呰鍓傚瀷

鍥介檯宸叉棤鍥哄浐妗舵贩鍓侹P锛岀敱浜庢《娣风被鍒跺墏灞炰簬鍖呰褰㈠紡鍓傚瀷锛屾瘡妗惰嵂鍓傞兘鏈夎嚜韬墏鍨嬶紝鍙堟棤鐧昏浜у搧锛屼负閬垮厤娣锋穯锛屽彇娑堟《娣峰墏TM*銆佸浐鍥烘《娣峰墏KP銆佹恫鍥烘《娣峰墏KK鍜屾恫娑叉《娣峰墏KL鍓傚瀷銆?/p>

4.2 鍙栨秷鏃犲晢鍝佹祦閫氬墏鍨嬪拰鍔熻兘鎬у墏鍨?/p>

鍙栨秷鍘熸爣鍑嗘棤浜у搧鑽BA*銆佽嵂鑶淢F*銆?/p>

鍘熸爣鍑嗛┍閬垮墏RE*銆佺啅钂稿墏VP銆侀槻铔€鍓侻P*銆佺紦閲婂墏BR鏄姛鑳借〃杩拌瘝锛屼骇鍝佹妧鏈寚鏍囥€佸瑙傜瓑鍧囬毦璁惧畾锛屼负閬垮厤娣锋穯锛屽彇娑堟棤鐧昏浜у搧椹遍伩鍓傦紝鍚?涓湁鐧昏浜у搧鐨勯渶鏍规嵁閴村畾缁撴灉纭畾鍓傚瀷銆?/p>

4.3 姘存憾鎬у寘瑁呬骇鍝?/p>

鍥介檯瀵归噰鐢ㄥ瘑灏佹按婧舵€у寘瑁呬骇鍝侊紝鍙湪鍓傚瀷浠g爜鍚庡姞鍚庣紑(-SB)鍋氳ˉ鍏呰〃绀猴紝骞跺凡鍒楀湪2016鐗團AO/WHO鏍囧噯涓婏紝鎴戝浗杩欑被浜у搧杩樻湭鏅強锛屼絾灏嗘槸鍑忓皯鍐滆嵂鍖呰搴熷純鐗╃殑鎺柦涔嬩竴銆傚彟澶栧闇€鍓傚瀷鐗规€у欢浼革紝鍚岀悊鍙噰鐢ㄥ墏鍨嬫墿灞曟ā寮?濡傝仛鍚?鎮诞鍓係C-PE)锛屼互榧撳姳鏂板伐鑹烘垨鏂版妧鏈骇鍝佺殑寮€鍙戝拰鎺ㄨ繘銆?/p>

4.4 鍏朵粬

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5 鏍囧噯鏁堢泭鍒嗘瀽

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杩欐牱鏃笌鍥介檯鎺ヨ建锛屽張鑳芥帴鍦版皵銆傛鏍囧噯娑夊強闈㈠箍锛屽叿鏈変竴瀹氱瀛︽€с€侀€傜敤鎬у拰鍓嶇灮鎬э紝涓哄啘鑽畨鍏ㄥ拰鍙寔缁彂灞曟彁渚涙妧鏈繚闅溿€?/p>

娓╅Θ鎻愮ず锛氭偊鎴堝啘璧勭綉灏嗛檰缁粍寤哄啘涓氱妞嶆妧鏈氦娴佺兢锛岃仈绯?9137628136锛堝悓寰俊锛夛紝鍏嶈垂杩涚兢浜ゆ祦瀛︿範銆?/div>